Rule

10

Player's Edition
See Rules Of Golf
Preparing for and Making a Stroke; Advice and Help; Caddies
Player's Edition
See Rules Of Golf
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10.1
a
b
c
d
10.2
a
b
10.3
a
b
c
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Rule 9
Rule 11

Purpose: Rule 10 covers how to prepare for and make a stroke, including advice and other help you may get from others (including your caddie). The underlying principle is that golf is a game of skill and personal challenge.

10.1
Making a Stroke

Purpose: Rule 10.1 covers how to make a stroke and several acts that are prohibited in doing so. A stroke is made by fairly striking at a ball with the head of a club. The fundamental challenge is for you to direct and control the movement of the entire club by freely swinging the club without anchoring it.

a
Fairly Striking the Ball

In making a stroke:

  • You must fairly strike at the ball with the head of the club such that there is only momentary contact between the club and the ball and you must not push, scrape or scoop the ball.
  • If your club accidentally hits the ball more than once, there has been only one stroke and there is no penalty.
b
Anchoring the Club

In making a stroke, you must not anchor the club either directly or indirectly.

See Full Rules For more information on anchoring the club, including the exception for a gripping hand or club merely touching clothing or the body.

c
Making Stroke While Standing Across or on Line of Play

See Full Rules For the prohibition and penalty for making a stroke while deliberately standing across or on the line of play.

d
Playing Moving Ball

You must not make a stroke at a moving ball.

But there are three exceptions where there is no penalty:

Exception 1 - Ball Begins to Move Only after You Begin Backswing for Stroke.

Exception 2 - Ball Falling Off Tee.

Exception 3 - Ball Moving in Water.

Penalty for Breach of Rule 10.1: General Penalty.

In stroke play, a stroke made in breach of this Rule counts and you get two penalty strokes.

10.2
Advice and Other Help

Purpose: A fundamental challenge for you is deciding the strategy and tactics for your play. So there are limits to the advice and other help you may get during a round.

a
Advice

During a round, you must not:

  • Give advice to anyone in the competition who is playing on the course, or
  • Ask anyone for advice, other than your caddie.
  • Touch another player's equipment to learn information that would be advice if given by or asked of the other player.
b
Other Help

Pointing Out Line of Play for Ball Anywhere Except on Putting Green. This is allowed, but any person must move away or any object must be removed before your stroke is made.

Pointing Out Line of Play for Ball on Putting Green. You or your caddie may do this, but:

  • Although you or your caddie may touch the putting green with a hand, foot or anything you are holding, you must not improve the conditions affecting your stroke, and
  • You or your caddie must not set an object down anywhere on or off the putting green to show your line of play. This is not allowed even if that object is removed before your stroke is made.

While the stroke is being made, your caddie must not deliberately stand on or close to your line of play or do anything else (such as pointing out a spot on the putting green) to point out the line of play.

Exception - Caddie Attended Flagstick: The caddie may stand in a location on or close to the player's line of play to attend the flagstick.

No Setting Down Object to Help in Taking Stance. You must not take a stance for the stroke using any object that was set down to help in lining up your feet or body.

Restriction on Your Caddie Standing Behind You. When you begin taking your stance for the stroke and until your stroke is made:

  • Your caddie must not deliberately stand on or close to an extension of your line of play behind your ball for any reason.
  • If you take a stance in breach of this Rule, you cannot avoid penalty by backing away.

 

Exception - Ball on Putting Green: When your ball is on the putting green, there is no penalty under this Rule if you back away from the stance and do not begin to take your stance again until after your caddie has moved away.

Physical Help and Protection from Elements. You must not make a stroke:

  • While getting physical help from your caddie or any other person, or
  • With your caddie or any other person or object deliberately positioned to give you protection from sunlight, rain, wind or other elements.

Penalty for Breach of Rule 10.2: General Penalty.

10.3
Caddies

Purpose: You may have a caddie to carry your clubs and give you advice and other help during your round, but there are limits to what your caddie is allowed to do. You are responsible for your caddie's actions during your round and will get a penalty if your caddie breaches the Rules.

a
Your Caddie May Help You During Round

You may have a caddie to carry, transport and handle your clubs, give you advice and help you in other ways allowed during a round, but you must not have more than one caddie at any one time or change caddies temporarily for the sole purpose of getting advice from the new caddie.

See Full Rules For an explanation of how the Rules apply to the actions of a shared caddie.

Penalty for Breach of Rule 10.3a:

You get the general penalty for each hole during which you were helped by more than one caddie at any one time. If the breach happens or continues between two holes, you get the general penalty for the next hole.

b
What Your Caddie May Do

See Full Rules For the list of actions that your caddie is allowed and not allowed to do.

c
You Are Responsible for Caddie’s Actions and Breach of Rules

You are responsible for your caddie's actions during your round but not before or after your round. If your caddie's action breaches a Rule, or would breach a Rule if the action was taken by you, you get the penalty under that Rule.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

General Penalty

Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play.

Stroke Play

A form of play where you or your side competes against all other players or sides in the competition.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Round

18 or fewer holes played in the order set by the Committee.

Advice

Any verbal comment or action (such as showing what club was just used to make a stroke) that is intended to influence you or another player in choosing a club, making a stroke, or deciding how to play during a hole or round.

But advice does not include public information, such as the location of things on the course, the distance from one point to another, or the Rules.

Course

The entire area of play within the edge of any boundaries set by the Committee. The boundary edge extends both up above the ground and down below the ground.

Advice

Any verbal comment or action (such as showing what club was just used to make a stroke) that is intended to influence you or another player in choosing a club, making a stroke, or deciding how to play during a hole or round.

But advice does not include public information, such as the location of things on the course, the distance from one point to another, or the Rules.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Equipment

Anything used, worn, held or carried by you or your caddie. Objects used for the care of the course, such as rakes, are equipment only while they are being held or carried by you or your caddie.

Advice

Any verbal comment or action (such as showing what club was just used to make a stroke) that is intended to influence you or another player in choosing a club, making a stroke, or deciding how to play during a hole or round.

But advice does not include public information, such as the location of things on the course, the distance from one point to another, or the Rules.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Putting Green

The area on the hole you are playing that is specially prepared for putting, or the Committee has defined as the putting green (such as when a temporary green is used).

Improve

To alter one or more of the conditions affecting your stroke or other physical conditions affecting your play so that you gain a potential advantage for your stroke.

Conditions Affecting the Stroke

The lie of your ball at rest, the area of your intended stance, the area of your intended swing, your line of play and the relief area where you will drop or place a ball.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Putting Green

The area on the hole you are playing that is specially prepared for putting, or the Committee has defined as the putting green (such as when a temporary green is used).

Line of Play

The line where you intend your ball to go after a stroke, including the area on your line that is a reasonable distance up above the ground and on either side of your line.

The line of play is not necessarily a straight line between two points (for example, it may be a curved line based on where you intend the ball to go).

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Line of Play

The line where you intend your ball to go after a stroke, including the area on your line that is a reasonable distance up above the ground and on either side of your line.

The line of play is not necessarily a straight line between two points (for example, it may be a curved line based on where you intend the ball to go).

Putting Green

The area on the hole you are playing that is specially prepared for putting, or the Committee has defined as the putting green (such as when a temporary green is used).

Line of Play

The line where you intend your ball to go after a stroke, including the area on your line that is a reasonable distance up above the ground and on either side of your line.

The line of play is not necessarily a straight line between two points (for example, it may be a curved line based on where you intend the ball to go).

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Line of Play

The line where you intend your ball to go after a stroke, including the area on your line that is a reasonable distance up above the ground and on either side of your line.

The line of play is not necessarily a straight line between two points (for example, it may be a curved line based on where you intend the ball to go).

Flagstick

A movable pole provided by the Committee that is placed in the hole to show you where the hole is.

Stance

The position of your feet and body in preparing for and making your stroke.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Stance

The position of your feet and body in preparing for and making your stroke.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Line of Play

The line where you intend your ball to go after a stroke, including the area on your line that is a reasonable distance up above the ground and on either side of your line.

The line of play is not necessarily a straight line between two points (for example, it may be a curved line based on where you intend the ball to go).

Stance

The position of your feet and body in preparing for and making your stroke.

Putting Green

The area on the hole you are playing that is specially prepared for putting, or the Committee has defined as the putting green (such as when a temporary green is used).

Stance

The position of your feet and body in preparing for and making your stroke.

Stance

The position of your feet and body in preparing for and making your stroke.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Stroke

The forward movement of your club made to strike the ball.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

General Penalty

Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Advice

Any verbal comment or action (such as showing what club was just used to make a stroke) that is intended to influence you or another player in choosing a club, making a stroke, or deciding how to play during a hole or round.

But advice does not include public information, such as the location of things on the course, the distance from one point to another, or the Rules.

Round

18 or fewer holes played in the order set by the Committee.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Advice

Any verbal comment or action (such as showing what club was just used to make a stroke) that is intended to influence you or another player in choosing a club, making a stroke, or deciding how to play during a hole or round.

But advice does not include public information, such as the location of things on the course, the distance from one point to another, or the Rules.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

General Penalty

Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

General Penalty

Loss of hole in match play or two penalty strokes in stroke play.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).

Round

18 or fewer holes played in the order set by the Committee.

Round

18 or fewer holes played in the order set by the Committee.

Caddie

Someone who helps you during a round to carry, transport or handle your clubs and/or give you advice. A caddie may also help you in other ways allowed by the Rules (see Rule 10.3b).