Purpose: Rule 2 introduces the basic things every player should know about the course:
There are five defined areas of the course, and
There are several types of defined objects and conditions that can interfere with play.
It is important to know the area of the course where the ball lies and the status of any interfering objects and conditions, because they often affect the player’s options for playing the ball or taking relief.
Course Boundaries and Out of Bounds
Golf is played on a course whose boundaries are set by the Committee. Areas not on the course are out of bounds.
Defined Areas of the Course
There are five areas of the course.
The General Area
The general area covers the entire course except for the four specific areas of the course described in Rule 2.2b.It is called the “general” area because:
It covers most of the course and is where a player’s ball will most often be played until the ball reaches the putting green.
It includes every type of ground and growing or attached objects found in that area, such as fairway, rough and trees.
DIAGRAM 2.2: DEFINED AREAS OF THE COURSE
The Four Specific Areas
Certain Rules apply specifically to the four areas of the course that are not in the general area:
The teeing area the player must use in starting the hole he or she is playing (Rule 6.2),